Panaji, the capital city of Goa, is situated on the left bank of the Mandovi River where the river meets the Arabian Sea. It consists of 30 wards, including Fontainhas, Mala, Sao Tome, Boca de Vaca, Portais, Campal, St Inez, Ribandar and Dona Paula. The history of Panaji dates back to the reign of Kadamba King Shasta Deva (1007-1050). The city was renamed later as Panjim by the Portuguese.
The construction of the causeway—known as the Count of Linhares Bridge-Causeway—in 1633 facilitated easier access between Panaji and the city of Goa. The natural borders of Panaji are the creeks of Fontainhas to the east and St. Inez to the west. After the decline of Old Goa in the 19th Century, Panjim was elevated to the status of a city in 1843, renamed as Nova Goa. The heritage neighbourhoods of Panaji have a rich history, playing a crucial role in the city’s development. While primarily an administrative centre, Panaji also experienced significant commercial growth in the 1970s. The city’s attractions include its coastal location, historical landmarks and cultural sites. Panaji serves as a vital transportation hub for travelling to other parts of Goa while also offering a unique blend of history and culture.